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Cultural Differences in Emotional Expression, Experience, and Values

Bencharit, L.Z., Ho, Y.W., Fung, H.H., Yeung, D., Stephens, N., Romero-Canyas, R. & Tsai, J.L. (2018). Should job applicants be excited or calm?: The role of culture and ideal affect in employment settings. Emotion pdfsupplement

Park, B., Qu, Y., Chim, L., Blevins, E., Knutson, B., & Tsai, J.L. (2018). Ventral striatal activity mediates cultural differences in affiliative judgments of smiles. Culture and Brain pdf

Tsai, J.L., Blevins, E., Bencharit, L.Z., Chim, L., Fung, H.H., & Yeung, D.Y. (2018). Cultural variation in social judgments of smiles: The role of ideal affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication. pdfsupplement

Chim, L., Hogan, C., Fung, H.H., & Tsai, J.L. (2017). Valuing calm enhances enjoyment of calming (vs. exciting) amusement park rides and exercise. Emotion. Advance online publication. pdf

Sims, T., Koopmann-Holm, B., Jiang, D., Fung, H.H., & Tsai, J.L. (2017). Asian Americans respond less favorably to excited (vs. calm) physicians compared to European Americans. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. Advance online publication. pdf

Park, B., Blevins, E., Knutson, B., & Tsai, J.L. (2017). Neurocultural evidence that ideal affect match promotes giving. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience. 12(7), 1083-1096. pdf, supplement

Koopmann-Holm, B., & Tsai, J.L. (2017). The cultural shaping of compassion. In E. Seppälä, E. Simon-Thomas, S. Brown, M.C. Worline, C.D. Cameron, & J.R. Doty (Eds). Oxford Handbook of Compassion Science (pp. 273-285). Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. (2017). Ideal affect in daily life: Implications for affective experience, health, and social behavior. Current Opinion in Psychology17, 118-128. pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Clobert, M. (in press). Cultural influences on emotion: Empirical patterns and emerging trends. In S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds). Handbook of Cultural Psychology. Oxford University Press. pdffigures

Tsai, J.L., Ang, J., Blevins, E., Goernandt, J., Fung, H.H., Jiang, D., Elliott, J., Kölzer, A., Uchida, Y., Lee, Y.-C., Lin, Y., Zhang, X., Govindama, Y., & Haddouk, L. (2016). Leaders' smiles reflect cultural differences in ideal affect. Emotion, 16(2), 183-195. pdf

Park, B.K., Tsai, J.L., Chim, L., Blevins, E., & Knutson, B.  (2016). Neural evidence for cultural differences in the valuation of positive facial expressions. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11(2), 243-252. pdfsupplement

Bencharit, L.Z., & Tsai, J.L. (2016). Positive psychology in Asian Americans: Theory and research. In E.C. Chang, C.A. Downey, J.K. Hirsch, & N.J. Lin (Eds.). Positive Psychology in Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups: Theory, Research, and Practice (pp. 37-60). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Chim, L., & Sims, T. (2015). Consumer Behavior, Culture, and Emotion. In S. Ng & A.Y. Lee (Eds.). Handbook of Culture and Consumer Behavior (pp. 68-98). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Park, B.K. (2014). The cultural shaping of happiness: The role of ideal affect. In J. Moskowitz & J. Gruber (Eds.). The light and dark sides of positive emotion (pp. 345-362). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. (2013). The cultural shaping of emotion (and other feelings). In R. Biswas-Diener and E. Diener (Eds.). Noba textbook series. Retrieved from pdf

Tsai, J.L. (2013). Dynamics of ideal affect. In D. Hermans, B. Rime, & B. Mesquita (Eds.). Changing emotions (pp.120-126). Psychology Press. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y. & Tsai, J.L. (2010). Self-focused attention and emotional reactivity: The role of culture. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology98(3), 507-519. pdf

Roberts, N.A., Tsai, J.L., & Coan, J. (2007). Emotion elicitation using dyadic interaction tasks. In J. Allen & J. Coan (Eds.). Handbook of Emotion Elicitation (pp.106-123). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. (2007). Ideal affect: Cultural causes and behavioral consequences. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2(3), 242-259. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Miao, F.F., Seppala, E., Fung, H., & Yeung, D. (2007). Influence and adjustment goals: Sources of cultural differences in ideal affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1102-1117. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Knutson, B., & Fung, H.H. (2006). Cultural variation in affect valuation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(2), 288-307. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W., & McCoy, K. (2006). Cultural and temperamental variation in emotional response. Emotion, 6(3), 484-497. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Chentsova-Dutton, Y. (2003). Variation among European Americans in emotional facial expression. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 34(6), 650-657. pdf

Tsai, J.L. (1999). Culture. In D. Levinson, J. Ponzetti, & P. Jorgensen (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Human Emotions (pp.159-166). New York, NY: Macmillan Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Levenson, R.W. (1997). Cultural influences on emotional responding: Chinese American and European American dating couples during interpersonal conflict. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology28 (5), 600-625. pdf

Role of Ideal Affect in Healthcare Settings

Sims, T. & Tsai, J.L. (2015). Patients respond more positively to physicians who focus on their ideal affect. Emotion15(3), 303-318. pdf

Sims, T., Tsai, J.L., Koopmann-Holm, B., Thomas, E., & Goldstein, M.K. (2014). Choosing a physician depends on how you want to feel: The role of ideal affect in health-related decision making. Emotion14(1), 187-192. pdf

Negative Affect and Mixed Emotions

Sims, T., Tsai, J.L., Jiang, D., Wang, Y., Fung, H.H., & Zhang, X. (2015). Wanting to maximize the positive and minimize the negative: Implications for mixed affective experience in American and Chinese contexts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology109(2), 292-315. pdf

Koopmann-Holm, B. & Tsai, J.L. (2014). Focusing on the negative: Cultural differences in expressions of sympathy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology107(6), 1092-1115. pdf

Wong, Y. & Tsai, J.L. (2007). Cultural models of shame and guilt. In J. Tracy, R. Robins & J. Tangney (Eds.). Handbook of Self-Conscious Emotions (pp.210-223). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Cultural Identity

Zhang, Y.L. & Tsai J.L. (2014). The assessment of acculturation, enculturation, and culture in Asian American Samples. In L. Benuto (Ed.). Guide to Psychological Assessment with Asian Americans (pp. 75-101). New York, NY: Springer. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y. & Tsai, J.L. (2007). Gender differences in emotional response among European Americans and Hmong Americans. Cognition and Emotion, 21(1), 162-181. pdf

Ying, Y.W., Lee, P.A. & Tsai, J.L. (2007). Attachment, sense of coherence, and mental health among Chinese American college students: Variation by migration status. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 31(5), 531-544. pdf

Cheryan, S. & Tsai, J.L. (2006). Ethnic Identity. In F. Leong, A. Inman, A. Ebreo, L. Yang, L. Kinoshita, & F. Fu (Eds.). Handbook of Asian American Psychology (pp. 125-139). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., & Tsai, J.L. (2006). The experience of college challenges among Chinese Americans: Variation by migration status. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 4(1), 79-97.

Tsai, J.L., Simenova, D., & Watanabe, J. (2004). Somatic and social: Chinese Americans talk about emotion. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(9), 1226-1238. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., & Tsai, J.L. (2004). Inventory of college challenges for ethnic minority students: Psychometric properties of a new instrument in Chinese Americans. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(4), 351-364. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., & Tsai, J.L. (2004). Psychometric properties of the Intergenerational Congruence in Immigrant Families-Child Scale in Chinese Americans. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 35(1), 91-103. pdf

Tsai, J.L., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. (2002). Different models of cultural orientation in American- and overseas-born Asian Americans. In K. Kurasaki, S. Okazaki, & S. Sue (Eds.). Asian American Mental Health: Assessment Theories and Methods (pp.95-106). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Chentsova-Dutton, Y., & Wong, Y. (2002). Why and how we should study ethnic identity, acculturation, and cultural orientation. In G. Hall & S. Okazaki (Eds.). Asian American psychology: The science of lives in context (pp. 467-491). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Friere-Bebeau, L.H., & Przymus, D. (2002). Emotional expression and physiology in European Americans and Hmong Americans. Emotion, 2(4), 380-397. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Morstensen, H., Wong, Y., & Hess, D. (2002). What does "being American" mean?: A comparison of Asian American and European American young adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 8(3), 257-273. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Przymus, D.E., & Best, J.L. (2002). Towards an understanding of Asian American interracial dating and marriage. In M. Yalom & L. Carstensen (Eds.). Inside the American Couple (pp. 189-210). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. pdf

Tsai, J. L. (2000). Cultural orientation of Hmong young adults. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 3(3-4), 99-114. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Ying, Y.W., & Lee, P.A. (2001). Cultural predictors of self-esteem: A study of Chinese American female and male young adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 7(3), 284-297. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., Tsai, J.L., Hung, Y., Lin, M., Wan, C.T. (2001). Asian American college students as model minorities: An examination of their overall competence. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 7(1), 59-74. pdf

Ying, Y. W., Lee, P. A., Tsai, J. L., Lee, Y. J., & Tsang, M. (2000). Network composition, social integration, and sense of coherence in Chinese American young adults. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 3(3-4), 83-98. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., Tsai, J.L., Lee, Y.J., & Tsang, M. (2001). Relationship of young adult Chinese Americans with their parents: Variation by migratory status and cultural orientation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71(3), 342-349. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Ying, Y., & Lee, P.A. (2000). The meaning of "being Chinese" and "being American": Variation among Chinese American young adults. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology31(3), 302-322. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., & Tsai, J.L. (2000). Cultural orientation and racial discrimination: Predictors of coherence in Chinese American young adults. Journal of Community Psychology28(4), 427-442. pdf

Emotion Across the Lifespan

Tsai, J.L., Sims, T., Qu, Y., Jiang, D., Thomas, E., & Fung, H.H. (2018, October 8). Valuing excitement makes people look forward to old age less and dread it more. Psychology and Aging. Advance online publication. pdfsupplement

Tsai, J., & Sims, T. (2016). Emotional aging in different cultures: Implications of Affect Valuation Theory. In A. Ong & Corinna Lockenhoff (Eds.). Emotion, Aging, and Health. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pdf

Jiang, D., Fung, H. H., Sims, T., Tsai, J. L., & Zhang, F. (2016). Limited time perspective increases the value of calm. Emotion, 16(1), 52-62. pdf

Scheibe, S., English, T., Tsai, J.L., & Carstensen, L.L. (2013). Striving to feel good: Ideal affect, actual affect, and their correspondence across adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 28, 160-171. pdf

Fung, H. H., Ho, Y. W., Tam, K-P, Tsai, J., & Zhang, X. (2011). Value moderates age differences in personality: The example of relationship orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 50 (7), 994-999. pdf

Kwon, Y., Scheibe, S., Samanez-Larkin, G.R., Tsai, J.L., & Carstensen, L.L. (2009). Replicating the positivity effect in picture memory in Koreans: Evidence for cross-cultural generalizability. Psychology and Aging, 24(3), 748-754. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Louie, J., Chen, E.E., & Uchida, Y. (2007). Learning what feelings to desire: Socialization of ideal affect through children's storybooks. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(1), 17-30. pdf

Roisman, G.I., Tsai, J.L., & Chiang, K.S. (2004). The emotional integration of childhood experience: Physiological, facial expressive, and self-reported emotional response during the Adult Attachment Interview. Developmental Psychology, 40(5), 776-789. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W., & Carstensen, L.L. (2000). Autonomic, expressive, and subjective responses to emotional films in older and younger Chinese American and European American adults. Psychology and Aging15(4), 684-693. pdf

Pasupathi, M., Carstensen, L.L., Turk-Charles, S., & Tsai, J.L. (1998). Emotion and aging. In H. Friedman (Ed.).Encyclopedia of Mental Health (pp. 91-101). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. pdf

Gross, J.J., Carstensen, L.L., Pasupathi, M., Tsai, J.L., Gottestam, K., & Hsu, A.Y.C. (1997). Emotion and aging: Changes in experience, expression, and control. Psychology and Aging12(4), 590-599. pdf

Pasupathi, M., Carstensen, L.L., & Tsai, J.L. (1994). Ageism in interpersonal settings. In B. Lott & D. Maluso (Eds.). The Social Psychology of Interpersonal Discrimination (pp. 160-182). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Emotion, Culture, and Mental Health

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Ryder, A., & Tsai, J.L. (2014). Understanding depression across cultural contexts. In I. Gotlib & C. Hammen (Eds.). Handbook of Depression, 3rd edition (pp. 337-352). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y.E., Tsai, J.L., & Gotlib, I. (2010). Further evidence for the cultural norm hypothesis: Positive emotion in depressed and control European American and Asian American women. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology16(2), 284-295. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., & Tsai, J. (2009). Culture and depression. In R.E. Ingram (Ed.). International Encyclopedia of Depression. New York, NY: Springer Publishing. 

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., & Tsai, J. (2009). Understanding depression across cultures. In I. Gotlib & C. Hammen (Eds.). Handbook of Depression, 2nd edition (pp. 363-385). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., & Tsai, J.L. (2007). Cultural factors influence the expression of psychopathology. In W. O'Donohue & S. Lilienfeld (Eds.). The Great Ideas of Clinical Science: 18 Concepts That Every Mental Health Practitioners and Research Should Understand (pp. 375-396). New York, NY: Brunner-Taylor. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Chu, J., Tsai, J.L., Rottenberg, J., Gross, J.J. & Gotlib, I. (2007). Depression and emotional reactivity: Variation among Asian Americans of East Asian descent and European Americans. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116(4), 776-785. pdf

Butcher, J.N., Mosch, S.C., Tsai, J.L., & Nezami, E. (2006). Cross-cultural applications of the MMPI-2. In J.N. Butcher (Ed.). MMPI-2: A Practitioner's Guide (pp.503-537). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Tsai, J.L., Pole, N., Levenson, R.W., & Muñoz, R.F. (2003). The effects of depression on the emotional responses of Spanish-speaking Latinas. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 9(1), 49-63. pdf

King, S.K., Tsai, J.L., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. (2002). Psychophysiological Studies of Emotion and Psychopathology. In J.N. Butcher (Ed.). Clinical Personality Assessment (pp. 56-74). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. (2002). Understanding depression across cultures. In I. Gotlib & C. Hammen (Eds.), Handbook of Depression (pp. 467-491). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Butcher, J.N., Vitousek, K., & Munoz, R. (2001). Culture, ethnicity, and psychopathology. In H.E. Adams & P.B. Sutker (Eds.). The Comprehensive Handbook of Psychopathology (pp.105-127). New York, NY: Plenum Press. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., Tsai, J.L., Yeh, Y., & Huang, J. (2000). The conception of depression in Chinese American college students. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology6(2), 183-195.  pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Carstensen, L.L. (1996). Clinical intervention with ethnic minority elders. In L.L. Carstensen, B.A. Edelstein, & L. Dornbrand (Eds.). The Practical Handbook of Clinical Gerontology (pp. 76-106). Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE Publications. pdf

Emotion, Religion, and Spirituality

Koopmann-Holm, B., Sze, J., Jinpa, T., & Tsai, J. L. (2020). Compassion meditation increases optimism towards a transgressor. Cognition and Emotion, 34(5), 1028-1035. pdf

Koopmann-Holm, B., Sze, J., Ochs, C., & Tsai, J.L. (2013). Buddhist-inspired meditation increases the value of calm. Emotion13(3), 497-505. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Koopmann-Holm, B., Ochs, C., & Miyazaki, M. (2013). The religious shaping of emotion: Implications of affect valuation theory. In R. Paloutzian & C. Park (Eds.). Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2nd edition (pp. 274-291). New York, NY: The Guilford Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Miao, F., & Seppala, E. (2007). Good feelings in Christianity and Buddhism: Religious differences in ideal affect. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(3), 409-421. pdf