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Cultural Differences in Emotional Expression, Experience, and Values

Tsai, J. L. (2021). Why does passion matter more in individualistic cultures? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(14) e2102055118. pdf

Bencharit, L.Z., Ho, Y.W., Fung, H.H., Yeung, D., Stephens, N., Romero-Canyas, R. & Tsai, J.L. (2018). Should job applicants be excited or calm?: The role of culture and ideal affect in employment settings. Emotion pdfsupplement

Park, B., Qu, Y., Chim, L., Blevins, E., Knutson, B., & Tsai, J.L. (2018). Ventral striatal activity mediates cultural differences in affiliative judgments of smiles. Culture and Brain pdf

Tsai, J.L., Blevins, E., Bencharit, L.Z., Chim, L., Fung, H.H., & Yeung, D.Y. (2018). Cultural variation in social judgments of smiles: The role of ideal affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication. pdfsupplement

Chim, L., Hogan, C., Fung, H.H., & Tsai, J.L. (2017). Valuing calm enhances enjoyment of calming (vs. exciting) amusement park rides and exercise. Emotion. Advance online publication. pdf

Sims, T., Koopmann-Holm, B., Jiang, D., Fung, H.H., & Tsai, J.L. (2017). Asian Americans respond less favorably to excited (vs. calm) physicians compared to European Americans. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. Advance online publication. pdf

Park, B., Blevins, E., Knutson, B., & Tsai, J.L. (2017). Neurocultural evidence that ideal affect match promotes giving. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience. 12(7), 1083-1096. pdf, supplement

Koopmann-Holm, B., & Tsai, J.L. (2017). The cultural shaping of compassion. In E. Seppälä, E. Simon-Thomas, S. Brown, M.C. Worline, C.D. Cameron, & J.R. Doty (Eds). Oxford Handbook of Compassion Science (pp. 273-285). Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. (2017). Ideal affect in daily life: Implications for affective experience, health, and social behavior. Current Opinion in Psychology17, 118-128. pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Clobert, M. (in press). Cultural influences on emotion: Empirical patterns and emerging trends. In S. Kitayama & D. Cohen (Eds). Handbook of Cultural Psychology. Oxford University Press. pdffigures

Tsai, J.L., Ang, J., Blevins, E., Goernandt, J., Fung, H.H., Jiang, D., Elliott, J., Kölzer, A., Uchida, Y., Lee, Y.-C., Lin, Y., Zhang, X., Govindama, Y., & Haddouk, L. (2016). Leaders' smiles reflect cultural differences in ideal affect. Emotion, 16(2), 183-195. pdf

Park, B.K., Tsai, J.L., Chim, L., Blevins, E., & Knutson, B.  (2016). Neural evidence for cultural differences in the valuation of positive facial expressions. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11(2), 243-252. pdfsupplement

Bencharit, L.Z., & Tsai, J.L. (2016). Positive psychology in Asian Americans: Theory and research. In E.C. Chang, C.A. Downey, J.K. Hirsch, & N.J. Lin (Eds.). Positive Psychology in Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups: Theory, Research, and Practice (pp. 37-60). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Chim, L., & Sims, T. (2015). Consumer Behavior, Culture, and Emotion. In S. Ng & A.Y. Lee (Eds.). Handbook of Culture and Consumer Behavior (pp. 68-98). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Park, B.K. (2014). The cultural shaping of happiness: The role of ideal affect. In J. Moskowitz & J. Gruber (Eds.). The light and dark sides of positive emotion (pp. 345-362). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. (2013). The cultural shaping of emotion (and other feelings). In R. Biswas-Diener and E. Diener (Eds.). Noba textbook series. Retrieved from pdf

Tsai, J.L. (2013). Dynamics of ideal affect. In D. Hermans, B. Rime, & B. Mesquita (Eds.). Changing emotions (pp.120-126). Psychology Press. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y. & Tsai, J.L. (2010). Self-focused attention and emotional reactivity: The role of culture. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology98(3), 507-519. pdf

Roberts, N.A., Tsai, J.L., & Coan, J. (2007). Emotion elicitation using dyadic interaction tasks. In J. Allen & J. Coan (Eds.). Handbook of Emotion Elicitation (pp.106-123). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. (2007). Ideal affect: Cultural causes and behavioral consequences. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2(3), 242-259. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Miao, F.F., Seppala, E., Fung, H., & Yeung, D. (2007). Influence and adjustment goals: Sources of cultural differences in ideal affect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1102-1117. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Knutson, B., & Fung, H.H. (2006). Cultural variation in affect valuation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(2), 288-307. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W., & McCoy, K. (2006). Cultural and temperamental variation in emotional response. Emotion, 6(3), 484-497. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Chentsova-Dutton, Y. (2003). Variation among European Americans in emotional facial expression. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 34(6), 650-657. pdf

Tsai, J.L. (1999). Culture. In D. Levinson, J. Ponzetti, & P. Jorgensen (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Human Emotions (pp.159-166). New York, NY: Macmillan Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Levenson, R.W. (1997). Cultural influences on emotional responding: Chinese American and European American dating couples during interpersonal conflict. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology28 (5), 600-625. pdf

Role of Ideal Affect in Healthcare Settings

Sims, T. & Tsai, J.L. (2015). Patients respond more positively to physicians who focus on their ideal affect. Emotion15(3), 303-318. pdf

Sims, T., Tsai, J.L., Koopmann-Holm, B., Thomas, E., & Goldstein, M.K. (2014). Choosing a physician depends on how you want to feel: The role of ideal affect in health-related decision making. Emotion14(1), 187-192. pdf

Negative Affect and Mixed Emotions

Sims, T., Tsai, J.L., Jiang, D., Wang, Y., Fung, H.H., & Zhang, X. (2015). Wanting to maximize the positive and minimize the negative: Implications for mixed affective experience in American and Chinese contexts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology109(2), 292-315. pdf

Koopmann-Holm, B. & Tsai, J.L. (2014). Focusing on the negative: Cultural differences in expressions of sympathy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology107(6), 1092-1115. pdf

Wong, Y. & Tsai, J.L. (2007). Cultural models of shame and guilt. In J. Tracy, R. Robins & J. Tangney (Eds.). Handbook of Self-Conscious Emotions (pp.210-223). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Cultural Identity

Zhang, Y.L. & Tsai J.L. (2014). The assessment of acculturation, enculturation, and culture in Asian American Samples. In L. Benuto (Ed.). Guide to Psychological Assessment with Asian Americans (pp. 75-101). New York, NY: Springer. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y. & Tsai, J.L. (2007). Gender differences in emotional response among European Americans and Hmong Americans. Cognition and Emotion, 21(1), 162-181. pdf

Ying, Y.W., Lee, P.A. & Tsai, J.L. (2007). Attachment, sense of coherence, and mental health among Chinese American college students: Variation by migration status. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 31(5), 531-544. pdf

Cheryan, S. & Tsai, J.L. (2006). Ethnic Identity. In F. Leong, A. Inman, A. Ebreo, L. Yang, L. Kinoshita, & F. Fu (Eds.). Handbook of Asian American Psychology (pp. 125-139). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., & Tsai, J.L. (2006). The experience of college challenges among Chinese Americans: Variation by migration status. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 4(1), 79-97.

Tsai, J.L., Simenova, D., & Watanabe, J. (2004). Somatic and social: Chinese Americans talk about emotion. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(9), 1226-1238. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., & Tsai, J.L. (2004). Inventory of college challenges for ethnic minority students: Psychometric properties of a new instrument in Chinese Americans. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 10(4), 351-364. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., & Tsai, J.L. (2004). Psychometric properties of the Intergenerational Congruence in Immigrant Families-Child Scale in Chinese Americans. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 35(1), 91-103. pdf

Tsai, J.L., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. (2002). Different models of cultural orientation in American- and overseas-born Asian Americans. In K. Kurasaki, S. Okazaki, & S. Sue (Eds.). Asian American Mental Health: Assessment Theories and Methods (pp.95-106). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Chentsova-Dutton, Y., & Wong, Y. (2002). Why and how we should study ethnic identity, acculturation, and cultural orientation. In G. Hall & S. Okazaki (Eds.). Asian American psychology: The science of lives in context (pp. 467-491). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Friere-Bebeau, L.H., & Przymus, D. (2002). Emotional expression and physiology in European Americans and Hmong Americans. Emotion, 2(4), 380-397. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Morstensen, H., Wong, Y., & Hess, D. (2002). What does "being American" mean?: A comparison of Asian American and European American young adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 8(3), 257-273. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Przymus, D.E., & Best, J.L. (2002). Towards an understanding of Asian American interracial dating and marriage. In M. Yalom & L. Carstensen (Eds.). Inside the American Couple (pp. 189-210). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. pdf

Tsai, J. L. (2000). Cultural orientation of Hmong young adults. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 3(3-4), 99-114. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Ying, Y.W., & Lee, P.A. (2001). Cultural predictors of self-esteem: A study of Chinese American female and male young adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 7(3), 284-297. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., Tsai, J.L., Hung, Y., Lin, M., Wan, C.T. (2001). Asian American college students as model minorities: An examination of their overall competence. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 7(1), 59-74. pdf

Ying, Y. W., Lee, P. A., Tsai, J. L., Lee, Y. J., & Tsang, M. (2000). Network composition, social integration, and sense of coherence in Chinese American young adults. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 3(3-4), 83-98. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., Tsai, J.L., Lee, Y.J., & Tsang, M. (2001). Relationship of young adult Chinese Americans with their parents: Variation by migratory status and cultural orientation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 71(3), 342-349. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Ying, Y., & Lee, P.A. (2000). The meaning of "being Chinese" and "being American": Variation among Chinese American young adults. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology31(3), 302-322. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., & Tsai, J.L. (2000). Cultural orientation and racial discrimination: Predictors of coherence in Chinese American young adults. Journal of Community Psychology28(4), 427-442. pdf

Emotion Across the Lifespan

Tsai, J.L., Sims, T., Qu, Y., Jiang, D., Thomas, E., & Fung, H.H. (2018, October 8). Valuing excitement makes people look forward to old age less and dread it more. Psychology and Aging. Advance online publication. pdfsupplement

Tsai, J., & Sims, T. (2016). Emotional aging in different cultures: Implications of Affect Valuation Theory. In A. Ong & Corinna Lockenhoff (Eds.). Emotion, Aging, and Health. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. pdf

Jiang, D., Fung, H. H., Sims, T., Tsai, J. L., & Zhang, F. (2016). Limited time perspective increases the value of calm. Emotion, 16(1), 52-62. pdf

Scheibe, S., English, T., Tsai, J.L., & Carstensen, L.L. (2013). Striving to feel good: Ideal affect, actual affect, and their correspondence across adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 28, 160-171. pdf

Fung, H. H., Ho, Y. W., Tam, K-P, Tsai, J., & Zhang, X. (2011). Value moderates age differences in personality: The example of relationship orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 50 (7), 994-999. pdf

Kwon, Y., Scheibe, S., Samanez-Larkin, G.R., Tsai, J.L., & Carstensen, L.L. (2009). Replicating the positivity effect in picture memory in Koreans: Evidence for cross-cultural generalizability. Psychology and Aging, 24(3), 748-754. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Louie, J., Chen, E.E., & Uchida, Y. (2007). Learning what feelings to desire: Socialization of ideal affect through children's storybooks. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(1), 17-30. pdf

Roisman, G.I., Tsai, J.L., & Chiang, K.S. (2004). The emotional integration of childhood experience: Physiological, facial expressive, and self-reported emotional response during the Adult Attachment Interview. Developmental Psychology, 40(5), 776-789. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Levenson, R.W., & Carstensen, L.L. (2000). Autonomic, expressive, and subjective responses to emotional films in older and younger Chinese American and European American adults. Psychology and Aging15(4), 684-693. pdf

Pasupathi, M., Carstensen, L.L., Turk-Charles, S., & Tsai, J.L. (1998). Emotion and aging. In H. Friedman (Ed.).Encyclopedia of Mental Health (pp. 91-101). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. pdf

Gross, J.J., Carstensen, L.L., Pasupathi, M., Tsai, J.L., Gottestam, K., & Hsu, A.Y.C. (1997). Emotion and aging: Changes in experience, expression, and control. Psychology and Aging12(4), 590-599. pdf

Pasupathi, M., Carstensen, L.L., & Tsai, J.L. (1994). Ageism in interpersonal settings. In B. Lott & D. Maluso (Eds.). The Social Psychology of Interpersonal Discrimination (pp. 160-182). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Emotion, Culture, and Mental Health

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Ryder, A., & Tsai, J.L. (2014). Understanding depression across cultural contexts. In I. Gotlib & C. Hammen (Eds.). Handbook of Depression, 3rd edition (pp. 337-352). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y.E., Tsai, J.L., & Gotlib, I. (2010). Further evidence for the cultural norm hypothesis: Positive emotion in depressed and control European American and Asian American women. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology16(2), 284-295. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., & Tsai, J. (2009). Culture and depression. In R.E. Ingram (Ed.). International Encyclopedia of Depression. New York, NY: Springer Publishing. 

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., & Tsai, J. (2009). Understanding depression across cultures. In I. Gotlib & C. Hammen (Eds.). Handbook of Depression, 2nd edition (pp. 363-385). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., & Tsai, J.L. (2007). Cultural factors influence the expression of psychopathology. In W. O'Donohue & S. Lilienfeld (Eds.). The Great Ideas of Clinical Science: 18 Concepts That Every Mental Health Practitioners and Research Should Understand (pp. 375-396). New York, NY: Brunner-Taylor. pdf

Chentsova-Dutton, Y., Chu, J., Tsai, J.L., Rottenberg, J., Gross, J.J. & Gotlib, I. (2007). Depression and emotional reactivity: Variation among Asian Americans of East Asian descent and European Americans. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116(4), 776-785. pdf

Butcher, J.N., Mosch, S.C., Tsai, J.L., & Nezami, E. (2006). Cross-cultural applications of the MMPI-2. In J.N. Butcher (Ed.). MMPI-2: A Practitioner's Guide (pp.503-537). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Tsai, J.L., Pole, N., Levenson, R.W., & Muñoz, R.F. (2003). The effects of depression on the emotional responses of Spanish-speaking Latinas. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 9(1), 49-63. pdf

King, S.K., Tsai, J.L., & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. (2002). Psychophysiological Studies of Emotion and Psychopathology. In J.N. Butcher (Ed.). Clinical Personality Assessment (pp. 56-74). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Chentsova-Dutton, Y. (2002). Understanding depression across cultures. In I. Gotlib & C. Hammen (Eds.), Handbook of Depression (pp. 467-491). New York, NY: Guilford Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Butcher, J.N., Vitousek, K., & Munoz, R. (2001). Culture, ethnicity, and psychopathology. In H.E. Adams & P.B. Sutker (Eds.). The Comprehensive Handbook of Psychopathology (pp.105-127). New York, NY: Plenum Press. pdf

Ying, Y., Lee, P.A., Tsai, J.L., Yeh, Y., & Huang, J. (2000). The conception of depression in Chinese American college students. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology6(2), 183-195.  pdf

Tsai, J.L. & Carstensen, L.L. (1996). Clinical intervention with ethnic minority elders. In L.L. Carstensen, B.A. Edelstein, & L. Dornbrand (Eds.). The Practical Handbook of Clinical Gerontology (pp. 76-106). Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE Publications. pdf

Emotion, Religion, and Spirituality

Koopmann-Holm, B., Sze, J., Jinpa, T., & Tsai, J. L. (2020). Compassion meditation increases optimism towards a transgressor. Cognition and Emotion, 34(5), 1028-1035. pdf

Koopmann-Holm, B., Sze, J., Ochs, C., & Tsai, J.L. (2013). Buddhist-inspired meditation increases the value of calm. Emotion13(3), 497-505. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Koopmann-Holm, B., Ochs, C., & Miyazaki, M. (2013). The religious shaping of emotion: Implications of affect valuation theory. In R. Paloutzian & C. Park (Eds.). Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 2nd edition (pp. 274-291). New York, NY: The Guilford Press. pdf

Tsai, J.L., Miao, F., & Seppala, E. (2007). Good feelings in Christianity and Buddhism: Religious differences in ideal affect. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33(3), 409-421. pdf